What Is Roofing and Why Is It Necessary?

A roof is a covering that covers the top of a building, protecting it against rain, snow, sunlight, and temperature extremes. It may be flat or pitched, vaulted or domed, and made of various materials.

A shingle is a thin piece of wood or other material, typically oblong and laid in overlapping rows to cover a structure. It also can refer to a woman’s close-cropped haircut or a small signboard, especially one hanging outside a doctor or lawyer’s office. Visit Corpus Christi Roofing CO for more information.


The outer layer of a building or structure is called the roof and it’s vital to protect against rain, snow, direct sunlight, extreme temperatures and more. Roofing materials are specially chosen to defend against these exterior elements. They are available in a variety of styles and options to accommodate unique climates, aesthetic preferences and budgets.

During the prehistoric times, early forms of roofing were made from uncomplicated natural materials like thatched straw, sticks, mud and wood. Modern roofing materials are much more sophisticated and come in a wide array of colors, textures, designs and base ingredients. Some of the most popular roofing materials include wooden shingles, clay tiles and asphalt shingles.

When selecting a roof, homeowners should consider their local climate, aesthetic preference and the resale value of their home. It’s also important to look at the energy efficiency of the roof and consider how much heat or light it will absorb or reflect. For instance, a solar-powered or green roof will be better insulated than an ordinary tile or shake roof and may help reduce utility bills.

For those who are on a budget, rolled roofing material offers an affordable option that can be installed quickly. This type of roofing is a good choice for low-slope or flat roofs and comes in rolls that can be easily unrolled and nailed into place. It is recommended that a roll of roofing be applied in layers, rather than hammered directly onto the roof because this can cause water leaks.

Another alternative to rolled roofing is bitumen membrane. This is a black-colored roofing material that can be used on flat or low-pitch roofs. It can be applied to a new roof or existing roof and is often combined with tar and an organic felt. It can be installed as a full-covering system or in combination with other roof coverings, such as asphalt shingle systems.

Polycarbonate roof sheets offer a more contemporary roofing solution and are often chosen for use on sheds, log stores, car ports and conservatories. These sheets are available in a range of colours and are very durable. They are light in weight and a great choice for those looking to replace an existing glass roof or wanting to add extra warmth to a room.


Whether you’re installing your own roof or having professionals take care of it, roofing is a complex process that requires expertise and attention to detail. Professional roofers can either install a new roof overlay on top of the existing one, or they can tear off the old roof and replace it entirely with the desired material. The roof is the top part of a building that covers it from rain, snow, sunlight, wind, and extreme temperatures. It is usually constructed of a variety of materials in different shapes and forms. Roofs may be flat, pitched, vaulted or domed. The Miriam Webster Dictionary defines reroofing as “recovering or replacing the roof material on an existing building.” The roof coverings can be tin, copper, slate, clay tile, wood shingles or any other material.


As with any structure, roofs require regular maintenance to protect the interior and exterior of your home or business from weathering. A typical annual maintenance schedule includes a thorough inspection of the roof surface by a licensed inspector. This should include an examination of shingle condition (look for bare spots, cracking or bubbling) as well as the general state of the soffit and fascia. It should also include a careful inspection of the flashing – strips of galvanized metal installed to direct water away from areas where the roof plane meets a vertical surface, such as a chimney or vent pipe – and the caulking around those penetrations. The inspector should also check for damage to the soffit or fascia due to wind-blown debris, as well as confirmation that gutters are free of blockages and are functioning properly.

A qualified, professional maintenance crew should be able to address a wide variety of small repairs, all at a reasonable price. They should be able to trim tree limbs that overhang the roof, repair leaky flashing and soffit areas, re-caulk the roof edges where necessary, remove accumulated debris and leave the site clean and unobstructed.


Unlike giving a room a fresh coat of paint or replacing kitchen cabinets, roof repairs are large and time-consuming projects. Roof repair or replacement is the only way to deal with damage that occurs to the shingles, tar paper, and flashing. Roofers use specialized expertise to repair or replace worn-out materials and to seal gaps, cracks, and leaks that allow water and wind to enter the home. This prevents further wear-and-tear, which can lead to larger problems down the road.

Re-roofing, which is when a second layer of shingles is added on top of the old ones, is a popular option for homeowners. However, it’s not as good as a replacement and can be expensive. The second layer of shingles doesn’t fit as well and can be difficult to match. Plus, without removing the old shingles, you won’t be able to see any damage that might exist beneath the surface.

Another issue with re-roofing is that it can void any warranty on the new shingles and shorten their lifespan. If you decide to go this route, be sure to take this into account when calculating your costs. Also, re-roofing often leaves the deck exposed, which can make it more susceptible to mold and other problems.

Wood shakes and shingles offer an organic appearance that adds depth and dimension to your home’s roof. They also offer protection from the elements, including extreme weather and hail, and are resistant to insects and rot. The beauty of wood is that it ages to a distinguished brown or gray color, which enhances your roof’s aesthetics and helps make it stand out among other homes in your neighborhood.

Wooden roofs are usually made of cedar, a durable and strong natural material. Cedar is naturally resistant to insect infestation and rotting, making it one of the most sustainable roofing materials available. Wood shakes and shingles typically last 15 to 30 years before needing replacement.

Although they’re one of the most environmentally friendly roofing options, wood shingles and shakes require more maintenance than other types of roofs. They must be regularly treated with preservatives and protective coatings to prevent rot and mold growth.

When selecting a wood shake or shingle, you’ll want to choose the type that suits your preferences and budget. Wood shingles and shakes come in two varieties: Shakes are thicker and feature a rugged appearance. They’re split by hand, allowing each piece to have a unique grain pattern and ridges that give your home an organic look.

They’re a popular choice for cabins and rustic-style homes, but can be used on any roof. They’re also less expensive than other types of shingles, but they may not be suitable for homes in areas that experience a lot of rain or wildfires.